How to Setup Magento Server on Azure/AWS/GCP

To setup and install Magento 2 open source server on any of the cloud platforms, the recommended way is to deploy using the server image available in the marketplace. It comes pre-installed with Apache Web Server, MySQL Server, all the required PHP modules and ElasticSearch.  View the links below to deploy to your cloud environment:

Setup Magento Server on Azure

 

Deploy Magento on Ubuntu Server 20.04

install magento server on azure

Setup Magento Server on AWS

 

Deploy Magento on Ubuntu Server 20.04

install magento server on aws

Setup Magento Server on GCP

 

Deploy Magento on Ubunt Server 20.04

install magento server on gcp

Getting Started

 

Once your Magento server has been deployed, the following links explain how to connect to a Linux VM:

 

 

Once connected and logged in, you’re ready to start configuring Magento.

Setting up Magento Community Open Source 2.4 Server

 

This solution is built using Apache Web Server, MySQL 8 Server and PHP 7.4.

 

1.) Create a MySQL database for Magento installation

 

Once logged in via your ssh terminal, the first thing to do is to set a new password for the MySQL root user account by running the following commands. Replace the text ‘your_pass_here‘ with your new password.

mysql --user=root --password
 
Enter password: mysql1234
 
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'your_pass_here';
 
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Next we run the following command to create a new database called magento2 with a new user called magentip with password yourpassword that will be used by Magento. 

CREATE DATABASE magento2;

CREATE USER 'magentip'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'yourpassword';

ALTER USER 'magentip'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY 'yourpassword';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'magentip'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;

2.) Create Magento Access Key

 

In order to setup magento 2.4 you will require access keys. Sign up for a free account on the following link and create a new access key. You will receive a private and public key that we will use to setup Magento

 

magento access keys

 

3.) Configure Apache2 Virtual Host for Magento Site

 

We need to configure the default Apache host config for our Magento site.

 

Open the 000-default.conf file:

 

sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

 

Copy and paste the following into your 000-default.conf file:

 

DocumentRoot /var/www/html/magento2/
<Directory /var/www/html/magento2/>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
    AllowOverride All
    Order allow,deny
    allow from all
</Directory>
    

Edit config using VIM editor

 

Press Shift + I to insert the text into the 000-default.conf file using the VIM editor.  To save and exit, press ESC key and type :wq!

apache-host-config

Enable Apache Rewrite

 

Once you have saved the 000-default.conf and exited back to terminal, we need to enable the Apache rewrite module by running the following command:

 

sudo a2enmod rewrite

 

Restart Apache Service

 

Now restart Apache by running the following command:

 

sudo systemctl restart apache2

4.) Install Magento into Apache vhost directory

 

Now we need to run through the Magento installation. We will be using Composer and the Magento access keys we created earlier.

 

Your access keys will be used as follows:

 

Username: Your public key

Password: Your private key

 

Step 1 – Change terminal session path

 

Make sure the current directory your terminal session is in magento web root directory:

 

cd /var/www/html

 

Step 2 – Download Magento2 Open Source files

 

Run the following command.  It will take some time to download.

sudo composer create-project --repository=https://repo.magento.com/ magento/project-community-edition=2.4.2 magento2

You will be prompted for a username and password, this is where you use your Magento access keys as follows:

 

Username: Your public key

Password: Your private key

magento composer install

 

Step 3 – Set Magento folder permissions

 

You must set read-write permissions for the web server group before you install the Magento software. This is necessary so that the command line can write files to the Magento file system.

 

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/magento2/

sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/magento2/

cd /var/www/html/magento2
sudo find var generated vendor pub/static pub/media app/etc -type f -exec chmod g+w {} +
sudo find var generated vendor pub/static pub/media app/etc -type d -exec chmod g+ws {} +
sudo chown -R :www-data . 
sudo chmod u+x bin/magento

 

Step 4 – Install Magento

 

Make sure you’re currently in your Magento directory

 

cd /var/www/html/magento2

 

Run the following command and amend the details to match your URL, database details, passwords, etc

sudo bin/magento setup:install \
--base-url=http://mywebsite.com \
--db-host=localhost \
--db-name=magento2 \
--db-user=magentip \
--db-password=youmysqlpassword \
--admin-firstname=Admin \
--admin-lastname=Admin \
--admin-email=admin@admin.com \
--admin-user=admin \
--admin-password=admin123 \
--language=en_US \
--currency=USD \
--timezone=America/Chicago \
--use-rewrites=1

Magento Admin Login

 

Once the install is complete, you will see the following, make a note of the admin URL as this is the unique URL you will use to login to the Admin portal:

 

In my example, my admin login would be as follows:

 

http://sitename.com/admin_l6ach9

Magento-AdminURL

 

You should now be able to access Magento, view your homepage using your URL – http://sitename.com or the servers IP

 

Magento-home-page

Magento Login – Two Factor Authorization

 

The first time your login to the admin section, you may get an error about configuring two-factor authenticationmAGENTO-LOGIN:

magento-2-admin-login-two-factor-authoriation-error

 

This error happened because since Magento 2.4, Two-Factor Authorization is enabled by default.

 

There are 2 ways to fix this:

 

  • Method 1: Disable Two-Factor Authorization
  • Method 2: Install and enable Two-Factor Authorization

Method 1 – Disable Two-Factor Authorization:

 

If you don’t need Two-Factor Authorization, run this command within your magento directory to disable it

 
sudo php bin/magento module:disable Magento_TwoFactorAuth
 
disable-two-factor-authentication
 
You should now be able to login.

Method 2 – Enable Two-Factor Authorization

 

If you wish to use two-factor authorization, follow these step to enable this feature.

 

First, run this command within your Magento directory to force Magento 2.4 to use Google as the Two-factor authorization provider

 

sudo bin/magento config:set twofactorauth/general/force_providers google

 

Next, generate a Base32-encoded string for the OTP secret key. You can use some online tool for this. For example: https://emn178.github.io/online-tools/base32_encode.html

 

Input a normal password like: mypassword and you will receive a Base32-encoded string like this: NV4XAYLTON3W64TE

 

magento base-32-encode

 

Next, we will add the secret encoded OTP key to Google Authenticator with this command

 

sudo bin/magento security:tfa:google:set-secret admin <code>NV4XAYLTON3W64TE</code>

 

Now open Google Authenticator App on your mobile: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.google.android.apps.authenticator2&hl=en&gl=US and add new key: NV4XAYLTON3W64TE

 

After you add the new key, you will see Authenticator code in your application once you login to Magento 2 dashboard

Google authenticator-app

 

Enter the code you you receive in authenticator app to login to admin dashboard

 

magento-google-authenticator-code

Magento Firewall Ports

 

Magento uses the following firewall ports:

 

  • TCP Port 80 – http
  • TCP Port 443 -https
  • TCP Port 9200 – ElasticSearch

 

To setup AWS firewall rules refer to – AWS Security Groups

To setup Azure firewall rules refer to – Azure Network Security Groups

To setup Google GCP firewall rules refer to – Creating GCP Firewalls

Support / Documentation

 

Its recommended to perform the following post setup configurations for Magento

 

https://devdocs.magento.com/guides/v2.4/install-gde/install/post-install-config.html

 

Further documentation and support can be found on the following link:

 

https://devdocs.magento.com/

 

Disclaimer: Magento is a registered trademark of Magento, Inc. and is licensed under Open Software License (OSL 3.0). No warrantee of any kind, express or implied, is included with this software. Use at your risk, responsibility for damages (if any) to anyone resulting from the use of this software rest entirely with the user. The author is not responsible for any damage that its use could cause.
Andrew Fitzgerald

Cloud Solution Architect. Helping customers transform their business to the cloud. 20 years experience working in complex infrastructure environments and a Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert on everything Cloud

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Peter Waugh

/var/www/html/magento2$ sudo find var generated vendor pub/static pub/media app/etc -type f -exec chmod g+w {} +
find: ‘var’: No such file or directory
find: ‘generated’: No such file or directory
find: ‘vendor’: No such file or directory
find: ‘pub/static’: No such file or directory
find: ‘pub/media’: No such file or directory
find: ‘app/etc’: No such file or directory

Peter Waugh

HI Andrew, I reinstalled as per instructions,
Another question before i get to that error, Do not run Composer as root/super user! See https://getcomposer.org/root for details
Continue as root/super user [yes]? the only option is yes, to continue

Peter Waugh

Do you want to store credentials for repo.magento.com in /root/.config/composer/auth.json ? [Yn] y
Installing magento/project-community-edition (2.4.2)
 – Downloading magento/project-community-edition (2.4.2)
 – Installing magento/project-community-edition (2.4.2): Extracting archive
Created project in /var/www/html/magento2
Loading composer repositories with package information
Updating dependencies
Killed

? should it say killed ?

Peter Waugh

thank you

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