A DBMS helps manipulate, retrieve, and manage data within a database via hierarchy and network models. Most companies prefer relational databases to store and retrieve the data. Over time many frameworks and platforms have been introduced to the market with exceptional benefits and features. A database management system can secure your data, ensure consistency, and help create a standardized way to use files. Large or small size companies prefer database tools to improve data accessibility and management. If you are in search of a tool or software that will keep all your database safe and secure, you have come to the right place.
In this post, we will discuss the two most popular Database tools used by some of the high-profile companies and brands. Many companies have debated over: which one is better? MariaDB vs MongoDB? To conclude, we have jotted down a post that will brief you on the pros and cons of each database tool and provide a head-to-head comparison. By the end of this post, we assure you will be able to take a call for yourself and differentiate which database software suits best for your business or application. But before we begin let us introduce both the tools.
MariaDB is an RDBMS tool introduced in the year 2009 as a replacement for MySQL database technology. The improved version of MySQL carries N number of features. Similarly, another software was introduced in the same year but does not possess similar features. MongoDB is a NoSQL database that does not support a tabular format. MongoDB offers high-speed performance and other benefits. Follow the post to learn about the products and their benefits.
What is MariaDB?
In 2009, Oracle tried taking control over MySQL, a relational database management system (RDBMS). Oracle was MySQL’s biggest competitor and might have jeopardized the database system. To avoid losing MySQL’s structure and features, the developers forked MySQL and released a new database management system named MariaDB. By October 2009, MariaDB was released and developed by MariaDB Foundation.
Currently, MariaDB is a free, open source software managed by the parent companies – MariaDB Corporation AB and MariaDB Foundation. MariaDB has many in-built features, storage engines, improved security systems, and more. The software is an upgraded version of MySQL compatible with all operating systems, such as Windows, Linux, etc. Written in multiple languages, including Perl, C, bash, and C++, the popular forked software offers faster caching and supports native non-blocking operations. MariaDB also comprises plugins that can be loaded or unloaded without interruption while the server is running. Many world-class banks, Wikipedia, Google, Mozilla, and other high authority domains have adopted MariaDB.
Recently two new functionalities have been added to the software. MariaDB includes Advanced clustering with Galera Cluster 4 and features that make the software compatible with Temporal Data Tables and Oracle databases.
Benefits of MariaDB
- Strict Security Measures: MariaDB comprises a wide range of security measures, including Database encryption, Internal security, Password checks, user roles, PAM, and LDAP authentication. The software features a role-based access control system to keep it more secure.
- Faster and More Efficient Performance: The tool features faster caching, system variables, threads, and encryption technology, making it a more efficient and better option than MySQL. MariaDB offers fast results when it comes to loading speed.
- Offer Better User Support: MariaDB Subscription covers unlimited yearly developer support service for mission-critical production systems. The tool also offers consultative guidance, a knowledge base, forums for discussion, chat support, and screen sharing. MariaDB offers better user support for both beginner and experienced users.
Pros of MariaDB
- The software is best for large data sets and runs better query execution.
- It is easy and simple to switch to MariaDB.
- The software supports dozens of storage engines on comparing with MySQL.
- Supports Backward Compatibility.
- Offers stability, faster speed, and performance.
- Under the Enterprise Edition, MariaDB is eligible to support 200,000 + connections.
- New Advanced clustering with Galera Cluster 4 functioning helps minimize client latencies.
- Free and open-source software distributed under the GPL license and has a Role-Based Access Control for security measures.
Cons of MariaDB
- Face issues when switching from MariaDB to MySQL.
- Amazon Aurora is faster than MariaDB in the case of AWS.
- The RDBMS still has a few compatibility issues with MySQL.
- The cluster version is unstable.
- MariaDB does not include all features of MySQL Enterprise Edition. As a result, an alternative plugin – MaxScale, is used for data masking.
- The software offers expensive support systems.
- Knowledge base, forums are available to discuss technical problems. For additional support, you need to pay.
What is MongoDB?
MongoDB is an open source document-oriented non-relational database. Initially released in 2009 and developed by MongoDB Inc, the software uses JSON-like documents. The software released under the Server Side Public License (SSPL) runs a different mechanism for data storage and retrieval services. It does not have a table-like relational structure instead uses collections and documents.
MongoDB is suitable for companies or organizations that use large sets of distributed data or applications. The database performs automatic failover, can assign data to a new location, conduct queries, and horizontal scaling.
Benefits of MongoDB
- Cost-Effective DBMS: MongoDB is one of the popular open-source DBMS that are free and support multiple languages. If you are looking forward to stores large-volume data, opt for MongoDB as it is cost-effective.
- Do not require setting up a primary key: RDBMS requires setting up a primary key, but it is not necessary with MongoDB. They comprise fields that work for a primary key.
- Schema-less: MongoDB is different from other databases as it is a non-relational database. It does not need to create the table or pre-defined schema. The database stores its data in collections and documents.
- Code-native data access: Unlike other software tools, MongoDB stores collected data in a document. This implies it is easy to access the data from any language in the data structure.
- Provides Powerful querying and analytics: It is true that MongoDB does not comprise enough joins or transactions, but features other options that can help the tool perform complex queries. It also helps conduct complex analytics pipelines.
Pros of MongoDB
- Stores all the data in the RAM which helps deliver faster performance and accurate indexes at the time of query execution.
- Features like Data replication, indexing, and gridFS help speed up MongoDB performance.
- Syntax query is simple and easy to understand.
- It is easy to install, setup and configure MongoDB.
- Manages large data sets via Sharding.
- Uses horizontal scalability.
- Supports Ad-hoc Query.
- Supports Aggregation.
- Provides technical support.
Cons of MongoDB
- Every application does not require multi-document ACID transactions as it may lead to data corruption.
- Joining documents is a lengthy task and can be very tiring.
- Incorrect implementation of indexes will slow down the speed.
- The software holds a limited data size.
- Duplication of data is possible.
MariaDB vs MongoDB - Key Differences
- MariaDB provides ACID transactions without snapshot isolation, whereas MongoDB provides the same with snapshot isolation.
- MariaDB support limited languages, whereas MongoDB supports all languages in the system.
- MariaDB has a foreign key, whereas MongoDB does not comprise foreign keys.
- MariaDB does not support Map reduce technique, whereas the MongoDB supports Map-reduce technique.
- MariaDB supports XML format, however, this feature is not present in MongoDB.
- MariaDB is compatible with FreeBSD, Linux, Solaris, and Windows operating systems. On the other hand, MongoDB is compatible with Linux, OS X, Solaris, and Windows operating system
- MariaDB uses SQL commands, whereas MongoDB is accessible as Read-only SQL queries by means of the MongoDB Connector for business intelligence.
If the queries fail,
- MariaDB provides instant consistency, whereas MongoDB scripts offer eventual consistency
- MariaDB uses horizontal scaling and sharding partitioning methods, whereas the other software only uses the sharding method.
- MongoDB is a Document Database, whereas MariaDB is a relational database that stores data in tabular form.
- MariaDB offers a free trial for developers or users, however, there is no free trial available for the other tool.
- MariaDB is compatible with Azure, whereas MongoDB is compatible with all AWS, GCP, and Azure clouds.
- MariaDB supports API functioning, however, MongoDB does not support API instead exercises protocols for the JSON format.
Most companies look forward to adding the best product or service for better performance and improved business continuity. Choosing from a wide range of database systems available in the market can be a daunting task. This is why we have picked up the two most popular software that will suit your business needs, and each carries numerous benefits. Be it in terms of performance, speed, functioning, or available in-built features we have compared the two leading tools.
Both the tools, MariaDB vs MongoDB, can work with large data volumes. Also, none of them requires programming languages. Data Tables enable easy browsing, which is the reason why most people opt for an RDBMS tool. However, with MongoDB as there is no such format, users might find it difficult to understand the collected information. You might need to invest time and money to update your staff on how to use this platform and its feature. In this post, we have compared both the tools on varied features. We hope the key differences will help you figure out which one suits your business needs and budget.