How to setup Squid Proxy Cache in Azure

Quickly and easily set up Squid proxy cache server in Azure using the Squid Proxy Azure marketplace listing.  Our Squid proxy comes fully configured ready to start using in your Azure tenant. 

 

Setup ADFS to Azure

 

 

how to setup squid proxy cache in azure

 

 

Default configuration

 

The Azure Squid proxy comes configured with the following options that can be easily changed:

 

  • Proxy port is set to 3128
  • Hostname is SquidProxy
  • Access control list is set to allow 10.0.0.0/8. This can be changed to allow your networks, instructions below.
  • Optimization tweaks have been made to make the server perform faster. Details below

 

Squid Proxy Server Optimization

 

We’ve configured the azure virtual machine Squid config file (squid.conf) and tuned it for high performance with the following tweaks that can be changed.

 

  • hosts_file /etc/hosts
  • cache_replacement_policy heap LFUDA
  • cache_swap_low 90
  • cache_swap_high 95
  • maximum_object_size_in_memory 50 KB
  • cache_dir aufs /var/spool/squid 3000 16 256
  • cache_mem 100 MB
  • logfile_rotate 10
  • memory_pools off
  • maximum_object_size 50 MB
  • quick_abort_min 0 KB
  • quick_abort_max 0 KB
  • log_icp_queries off
  • client_db off
  • buffered_logs on
  • half_closed_clients off

 

We’ve also added the following refresh_patterns to speed up browsing the internet of common media file types that will be cached:

 

Getting Started

 

Once you’ve deployed the Squid Proxy to you Azure tenant, you’ll need to make the following configuration changes depending on what you want to use the proxy for. Sections below highlight the different configurations that can be done depending on what you want to achieve with your new proxy:

 

ACL – Access Control List 

 

To use the proxy, you’ll first need to define which networks are allowed access to use your Squid proxy. By default network 10.0.0.0/8 is enabled. This can be disabled if you don’t want to allow this network.

 

  1. First SSH into your Squid Proxy using the admin credentials you supplied during the provisioning of the VM.  You can download Putty, a free tool to SSH into your linux server.
  2. Open up the Squid.conf file to edit the settings of your proxy. This is the main file to make any changes to your Proxy. Run the following commands to open the squid.conf vile

 

cd /etc/squid

sudo nano squid.conf

Open-squid-conf

 

 

 

 

You should now see the nano gui editor allowing you to make changes.  Press Ctrl+W on your keyboard which opens up the search function.

 

Search for the following text: acl localnet src 10

 

This will bring up the ACLs you can define which networks you want to give access

acl-networks

By default we’ve allowed 10.0.0.0/8. To block access to this network simply put a # infront of the acl.

To define your own networks add a new line and type the following command:

 

acl <define a name> src <your network address space>

 

In our config we call our network (localnet), you can use any name to identify your networks.

 

Next step is to tell Squid.conf to allow access for http. Press Ctrl+W and search for http_access allow localnet

 

Here we define which networks you defined earlier to allow access for http. Type the following line

 

http_access allow <name your defined for your network>

 

In the screenshot we say allow the network called localnet. This will allow network 10.0.0.0/8 we defined in the previous step:

 

http_access_allow_network

Add as many lines as needed depending on how many networks you’ve defined.

 

When complete, press Ctrl + O to save changes and then Ctrl + X to close the nano editor.

 

Restart squid with the following command service squid restart

 

Users can now connect to the proxy by updating their browser proxy config and putting in the IP address and port (3128) and start using the proxy to access the internet.

IE-Squid_settings2

 

Change the Squid admin email address

 

This option sends an email to the administrator when Squid encounters a problem. Very useful to have to monitor the health of your server. 

 

Within the Squid.conf, using the nano editor search for the text cache_mgr

 

Remove the the # and add the email address a shown in the screen shot:

cache_mgr admin@yourdomain.com

squid-admin-email

 

Change the listener port 

 

If you want to change the default port of 3128 to another port, or add and extra ports simply open up the Squid.conf file via the nano editor as i showed you in my previous step and search for – http_port 3128 and replace with your desired port.

 

If you would like to add more listerner ports, simply add another line to your config as shown in the screenshot:

add extra http_port squid config

 

Change the hostname 

 

To change the hostname that users will see on the proxy error page, simply do a search for visible_hostname within the squid.conf file and replace with your desired host name. The default hostname is SquidProxy, simply replace that with your new name.

change squid hostname

 

Authentication with LDAP or Kerberos

 

If you want users to login and authenticate to use your Squid proxy you can integrate authentication with LDAP or Kerberos using Active Directory. Redhat have an excellent tutorial on this, check out this link

squid-authentication-active directory

 

Block access to certain websites

 

If you need to block access to certain websites for your users you can do this by defining them in your Squid.conf file as follows:

Using the nano editor do a search for the text TAG: http_access.

 

Lets say for example we want to block facebook.com and youtube.com. 

 

Add a new new line above the text TAG: http_access as below and add the following lines.

acl block_websites dstdomain .facebook.com .youtube.com

http_access deny block_websites

 

Save the config by pressing Ctrl + O and then Ctrl + X to close the config and restart the Squid service with the following command

 

service squid restart

 

Users should now be blocked from accessing those websites and receive the Squid Proxy page:

 

 

Block access to ports

 

To block access to ports, its the same process as above to blocking websites, just add the following lines:

acl blocked_port port 80
http_access deny blocked_port

Transparent or Intercepting Proxy

 

If your going to intercept users browser traffic by forcing http traffic to go via your proxy. For example reconfiguring your router or firewall so that all HTTP connection requests (port 80) are routed to the proxy server on the appropriate port (3128 by default, unless you changed it)

 

Open up Squid.conf using the nano editor and search for http_port 3128

 

Simply add the word transparent after the port number. Thats its. Save the config Ctrl+O and close the config Ctrl+X and then restart the Squid service

 

service squid restart

 

transparent_proxy

 

Anonymous Browsing

 

By default squid forwards the client IP to the respective website, but to set up an anonymous proxy we will disable it to hide client IPs and send only IPs which are configured on the squid server.

Search for the following line in the squid.conf using the nano editor:

 

forwarded_for on

 

Change it to:

 

forwarded_for off

anonymous_browsing

And add at the bottom of the squid.conf file the following instructions:

request_header_access Allow allow all
request_header_access Authorization allow all
request_header_access WWW-Authenticate allow all
request_header_access Proxy-Authorization allow all
request_header_access Proxy-Authenticate allow all
request_header_access Cache-Control allow all
request_header_access Content-Encoding allow all
request_header_access Content-Length allow all
request_header_access Content-Type allow all
request_header_access Date allow all
request_header_access Expires allow all
request_header_access Host allow all
request_header_access If-Modified-Since allow all
request_header_access Last-Modified allow all
request_header_access Location allow all
request_header_access Pragma allow all
request_header_access Accept allow all
request_header_access Accept-Charset allow all
request_header_access Accept-Encoding allow all
request_header_access Accept-Language allow all
request_header_access Content-Language allow all
request_header_access Mime-Version allow all
request_header_access Retry-After allow all
request_header_access Title allow all
request_header_access Connection allow all
request_header_access Proxy-Connection allow all
request_header_access User-Agent allow all
request_header_access Cookie allow all
request_header_access All deny all

 

All done, save the file (Ctrl+O) – Close (Ctrl+X) and restart squid. service squid restart

 

Support / Further Documentation

 

Check out the following links for further documentation and support for Squid Proxy

 

 

 

Andrew Fitzgerald

Cloud Solution Architect. Helping customers transform their business to the cloud. 20 years experience working in complex infrastructure environments and a Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert on everything Cloud

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